Stilt houses or pile dwellings are houses raised on piles over the surface of the soil or a body of water.
In the Neolithic and Bronze Age, stilt houses were common in the Alpine region. Remains have been found at the Mondsee and Attersee lakes in Upper Austria, for example. Early archaeologists like Ferdinand Keller thought they formed artificial islands, much like the Scottish Crannogs, but today it is clear that the majority of settlements were located on the shores of lakes and were only inundated later on. Reconstructed stilt houses are shown in open air museums in Unteruhldingen and Zürich (Pfahlbauland). A single Scandinavian pile dwelling, the Alvastra stilt houses, has been excavated in Sweden. Read more