Saturday, November 1, 2014


Ancient Architecture of Babylon in Modern Iraq

Ancient Architecture of Babylon in Modern Iraq


The legendary city of Babylon is the most famous ancient city in the whole World. It was the capital of ten Mesopotamian dynasties starting with the dynasty of King Hammurabi (1792-1750 BC); the 6th king of the 1st dynasty; reaching prominence as the capital city of the great kingdom of Babylonia. The last dynasty at which Babylon achieved its zenith, is well known particularly of its 2nd king, Nebuchadnezzar II (605-563 BC), to whom most of Babylon’s existing buildings belongs. Most of the rebuilt ruins are from the time of King Nebuchadnezzar II, Saddam’s workforce rebuilt over the actual ruins.
Older ruins are from the time of King Hammurabi, approximately 1,750 B.C. King Hammurabi was the one who came up with many of the notions we have for a civilized mankind.

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Baghdad, Iraq Skyline
Photo © 2001, Daniel B. Grünberg

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Plan of the ancient city of Babylon, 500 B.C.
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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Saddam’s Presidential Palace and ruins of ancient Babylon (Aerial View)
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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Saddam’s Palace, Iraq
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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King Nebuchadnezzar’s Palace in ancient Babylon
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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Marines approach the ancient city of Babylon
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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Ancient Walls of Babylon, 604 to 562 B.C.
Photo © Louis Sather, taken June 9th, 2003 while on active duty with the United States Army

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Original Walls of Babylon, 604 to 562 B.C.
Photo © Louis Sather, taken June 9th, 2003 while on active duty with the United States Army

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Images of the ancient God of Marduk ornament walls near the Ishtar gate.
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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New bricks stand atop ancient foundations at the wall of Babylon
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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Reconstructed ancient coliseum in Babylon, Iraq
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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A Marine sits on the steps of the ancient coliseum rebuilt by Saddam Hussein’s labor force
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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Abbassid Castle, Baghdad, Iraq
Photo © 2001, Daniel B. Grünberg

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Reproduction of the legendary Ishtar Gate (Bab Ishtar) in Babylon
Photo © Louis Sather, taken June 9th, 2003 while on active duty with the United States Army

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Procession Street in Babylon
Photo © Louis Sather, taken June 9th, 2003 while on active duty with the United States Army

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Procession Street in Babylon
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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Al Kadhimain Mosque, Baghdad, Iraq
Photo © 2003 Jan Oberg, The Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research (TFF)

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Al Kadhimain Mosque Detail
Photo © 2003 Jan Oberg, The Transnational Foundation for Peace and Future Research (TFF)

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Damaged Mosque, Baghdad, Iraq
Photo © 2001, Daniel B. Grünberg

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Courtyard of King Nebuchadnezzar’s Palace.
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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A Marine stands on King Nebuchadnezzar’s throne
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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King Nebuchadnezzar’s Palace Throne Room
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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Brickwork in King Nebuchadnezzar’s Palace
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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Ancient ruins of King Hammurabi in Babylon, Iraq
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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The former Mustansiriya University, Baghdad, Iraq
Photo © 2001, Daniel B. Grünberg

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Amidst the ruins of ancient Babylon, children look to the future
Photo © 2003, Daniel O’Connell, Gunnery Sergeant, USMC

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5 Comments »

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    it is quite sad that most train stations these days are horrendously overloaded “

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