Many adults suffer from an oral disease known as gingivitis. Basically the food and drinks that we consume actually leaves behind a sticky thin film or residue on the teeth. Over the time the plaque gets accumulated on the teeth resulting in hard solid substance called tartar. This tartar results in building a gap between the teeth and the gum, which again eventually leads to the tartar getting inside or travelling below the gum line and creating pain and swollen gums. This condition is known as gingivitis. Gingivitis simply means inflammation of the gums (known as gingiva).
There are some specific signs and symptoms in order to understand whether a patient is suffering from gingivitis and they are as follows:
- Gums become tender and they hurt at the slightest touch
- Inflammation of gums (swollen gums)
- While brushing or flossing, gums start bleeding easily.
- Also gingivitis results in softening of the gums.
- Receding gum is also one of the symptoms.
- Color of gums changes to bright red or purple.
- Having bad breath.
Now there are certain inevitable reasons that results in the condition of gingivitis. As already mentioned earlier the most common reason of gingivitis is accumulation of tartar on the teeth. Tartar is nothing but basically a bacterial plaque. This plaque is difficult to remove as it not only hardens but also becomes a kind of protective shield for the bacteria inside the gums. This dental plaque results in tooth decay and also causes periodontal problems such as tooth decay, gingivitis or chronic periodontitis. To get more info on this one should visit a dentist.
Also there are many risk factors related to gingivitis. It means many people experience this during following times or due to following results:
- Having poor oral hygiene.
- Certain types of viral or fungal infection.
- During pregnancy.
- Also due to less or decreased immunity while having medical conditions likes HIV/AIDS or leukemia.
- Commonly due to substance abuse.
- Also patients those are diabetic.
- Hormonal changes or puberty.
- Improper nutrition.
Prevention is always better than cure. Hence, we should also look towards our dental care and prevent it from any painful conditions like this. Here are some prevention tips in order to avoid gingivitis from occurring:
- First and foremost is brushing teeth twice a day.
- Brushing teeth horizontally must be avoided as it may result in symmetric bacterial forming. Brushing too hard should be avoided as it may result in abrasion or gum recession
- Quality of brush should be checked like it should have soft bristles. Flossing daily is mandatory. Toothpicks are not a substitute for flossing.
- getting a dental check up on a regular basis is a must.
Also there are some home remedies that must be followed if gingivitis occurs. You can apply tea bags on the affected area. You can rub some honey and lemon paste on the affected area helps in soothing of tooth pain and reducing swollen part, as honey and lemon are antibacterial in nature.